Vibrating Conveyor vs Belt Conveyor: Understanding the Differences and Speed Adjustment

  • 3 min read

Conveyors are key components in many industries, used to transport materials and products within a production facility or industrial process line. Two common types of conveyors are vibrating conveyors and belt conveyors. In this article, we’ll explore the differences between the two and how to adjust the speed of a vibrating conveyor.

Vibrating Conveyor vs Belt Conveyor

Vibrating conveyors and belt conveyors have different designs and perform different functions.

Vibrating conveyors use vibration to transport materials along the conveyor. They have a trough-shaped surface that vibrates in a consistent, controlled manner. This motion moves materials along the conveyor without damage, making them ideal for fragile or loose products. Vibrating conveyors come in different sizes and can be used horizontally or inclined.

Belt conveyors, on the other hand, use a continuous belt made of rubber, fabric, or other materials to transport products along the conveyor. They are the most widely used type of conveyors and are ideal for heavier or bulkier products. Belt conveyors can also be used in various configurations, such as inclined, declined, or horizontal.

Speed Adjustment of a Vibrating Conveyor

Vibrating conveyors can vary in speed depending on the needs of the production line. Here are two methods that can be used to adjust the speed of a vibrating conveyor:

  1. Adjust the Eccentric Weight: Vibrating conveyors use an eccentric weight attached to the motor or drive system. The weight is rotated to induce a vibration that moves the material along the conveyor. The position of the weight can be adjusted to increase or decrease the vibration frequency and speed.
  2. Adjust the Amplitude: Another method to adjust the speed of a vibrating conveyor is by adjusting the amplitude. The amplitude is the magnitude of the vibration. By altering the amplitude, the speed of the conveyor can be adjusted. This method requires the conveyor to be stopped and the amplitude to be adjusted manually.

Differences Between Vibrating Conveyor and Belt Conveyor

Here are some of the main differences between vibrating conveyors and belt conveyors:

  1. Design and Function: Vibrating conveyors operate via the vibration of the trough surface, moving materials without damage, while belt conveyors use a continuous belt to transport materials. Both conveyors are designed for different applications with specific material handling requirements.
  2. Fragile Products: Vibrating conveyors are an ideal solution for handling delicate and fragile products, while belt conveyors are better suited for heavier or bulkier materials.
  3. Speed: Belt conveyors are suitable for conveying and transporting products at different speeds, while vibrating conveyors offer a more consistent and controlled motion with adjustable vibration frequency.

When to Use a Vibrating Conveyor vs a Belt Conveyor

Use a vibrating conveyor when:

  • Transporting fragile materials
  • Moving small or loose items
  • Maintaining consistent motion

Use a belt conveyor when:

  • Moving heavier or bulkier materials
  • Transporting products over long distances
  • Discharging materials into a container or truck


In conclusion, vibrating conveyors and belt conveyors have different designs, functions, and speeds. The choice of conveyor depends on the specific material handling requirements of the production line. Vibrating conveyors are ideal for moving fragile materials and maintain a consistent motion, while belt conveyors are better suited for heavier or bulkier materials over longer distances. Understanding the differences between the two types of conveyors and how to adjust the speed of a vibrating conveyor helps you make an informed decision for your production facility.